Volume 19, Issue 5 (3-2014)                   Intern Med Today 2014, 19(5): 23-32 | Back to browse issues page

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Khosravan S, Kolbadinejad N, Alami A, Torabi S. Effect of intervention based on family- centered empowerment model on the quality of life of women suffering from stress urinary incontinence. Intern Med Today 2014; 19 (5) :23-32
URL: http://imtj.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-1892-en.html
1- Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences
2- Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Social Determinants of Health (SDH) Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences , nkolbadinezhad@yahoo.com
3- , Social Development & Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences
4- Faculty of Medicine , Gonabad University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (5565 Views)
Aims: Urinary incontinence is a common health problem in women and its most common type is urinary stress incontinence. The disease has a significant impact on various aspects of life and leads to reduced quality of life for women. One way of improving health level is focusing on life quality level in individuals. So, in this study, the impact of family-centered empowerment model on quality of life in women with stress urinary incontinence is discussed. Methods: This study is a clinical trial. After sampling through convenience method, the subjects (N=64) were divided into experimental and control groups, using blocked random method. For the experimental group, the interventions based on family-centered empowerment model which included four stages (perception of threat, efficacy promotion, self-esteem and evaluation) were performed using group discussion, representation, and training participation. Research instruments included questionnaires of demographic and disease basic information, assess quality of life in patients with urinary incontinence (IQOL), knowledge, self-esteem, and health behaviors. The questionnaires were ccompleted before and after the intervention. The data were analyzed with SPSS version 20 using descriptive statistics and analytical tests. Results: The statistical tests showed that the two groups of experimental and control were matched in terms of demographics and severity of incontinence. Moreover, based on independent t-test, there was no significant difference between the mean score of quality of life, knowledge, self-esteem and health behaviors in the two groups before the intervention (P>0.05), while there was a significant difference between the two groups with respect to these variables after the intervention (P<0.001). Also, Chi-square test showed a significant difference in the occurrence of urinary incontinence before and after the intervention in the experimental group (P<0.001). Conclusion: Family-centered empowerment health model can be used by nurses for the management of behavioral techniques, as the first level of provided intervention to improve the stress urinary incontinence. Moreover, it can increase the life quality of women with stress urinary incontinence who are not hospitalized and reside in the community.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Received: 2013/11/17 | Accepted: 2014/03/11 | Published: 2014/03/11

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