Volume 16, Issue 3 (Autumn 2010)                   Intern Med Today 2010, 16(3): 33-39 | Back to browse issues page

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Karbandi S, Eshghizadeh M, Aghamohammadiyan Sherbaf H R, Ebrahimzadeh S, Safariyan M. The Relationship Between Parenting Style and Preschool Children Obesity in Mashhad. Intern Med Today. 2010; 16 (3) :33-39
URL: http://imtj.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-962-en.html
1- , m.eshghizadeh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (12111 Views)
Background and Aim: Recognizing obesity as a chronic illness which has multiple causes has led to the fact that prevention efforts and interventions are needed in early childhood. Parents who provide immediate environment and influence the healthy habits and behaviors of their children can be effective in the prevention of childhood obesity. This study aims to determine the relationship between parenting style and obesity in preschool children in Mashhad. Materials and Methods: In a two-stage random cluster sampling, children from kindergartens and preschool centers, who were also State Welfare recipients from seven regions of the city of Mashhad school districts, were selected. 76 obese children were in the case group and 152 normal- weight children were in the control group. A child was considered obese if the BMI was ≥95 the percentile. Individual and family information along with the three day food consumption records were gathered by interviewing the mothers. The parents also completed the Baumrind parenting style questionnaire. Results: The mean scores of authoritative, authoritarian and permissive styles of mothers in case group were 32.4 ± 3.9, 13.6 ± 5.3 and 15.8 ± 3.8, respectively. The mean scores for the same categories of parenting style of mothers in the control group were 33.0 ± 3.3, 13.4 ± 4.9 and 15.9 ± 4.2, too. The mean scores of authoritative, authoritarian and permissive styles of fathers in case group were 32.2 ± 3.8, 14.8 ± 5.8 and 16.5 ± 5.3. The mean scores for the same categories of parenting style of fathers in the control group were 31.9 ± 3.2, 14.7 ± 4.8 and 15.7 ± 4.5. The mean scores of parents parenting styles in two groups were insignificant (p>0.05). However, there was a significant relation between fathers and mothers' BMI with their children's BMI (p=0.000). Conclusion: Parenting style is not associated with child obesity. The findings can be used as a basis for intervention studies.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Basic Medical Science
Received: 2010/12/11 | Accepted: 2021/12/27 | Published: 2010/12/15

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