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Volume 26, Issue 2 (Spring 2020)                   Intern Med Today 2020, 26(2): 118-127 | Back to browse issues page


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Ghodrati S, Rezaee D, Vaziri N, Shokrani B, Hazarati G. Health-related Quality of Life Characteristics in Individuals With Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Intern Med Today 2020; 26 (2) :118-127
URL: http://imtj.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-3166-en.html
1- Institute for Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Literature, Humanities and Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Literature, Humanities and Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran. , vnewsha@yahoo.com
4- Department Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
5- Family Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2601 Views)
Aims In chronic and incurable illnesses, the quality of life and its related factors are of significant importance. We aimed to investigate the predictors of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-positive individuals.
Methods & Materials Our sample included 90 HIV-infected individuals who were under Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) in Imam Khomeini Hospital of Tehran, Iran, in 2016-2017. The HRQoL questionnaire, Prospective-Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) interview, and flowcytometry test to assess CD4 count were used for data gathering. The obtained data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, including frequency and standard deviation and inferential statistics, including correlation and stepwise regression analyses. SPSS was used for data analysis, as well.
Findings The present study data revealed that prospective/retrospective memory complaint and daily living functioning were predictors HRQoL in individuals with HIV (P<0.001, F2,85=22.70, R2 adj=0.55). The collected data also suggested that CD4 count, viral load, gender, age, and education did not predict HRQoL in the explored HIV-positive individuals (P>0.05). 
Conclusion Prospective and retrospective memory and daily living functioning were the major predictors of HRQoL among the investigated HIV-infected individuals.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Mental Health
Received: 2018/12/12 | Accepted: 2020/01/4 | Published: 2020/06/21

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