Volume 17, Issue 2 (7-2011)                   Intern Med Today 2011, 17(2): 65-71 | Back to browse issues page

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Heydari A, Ziaee E S, Ebrahimzade S. The Frequency of Rehospitalization and Its Contributing Factors in Patient with Cardiovascular Diseases Hospitalized in Selected Hospitals in Mashhad In 2010. Intern Med Today 2011; 17 (2) :65-71
URL: http://imtj.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-1198-en.html
1- , Mashhad University of Medical
2- Isfahan University of Medical Sciences , ziaee70@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (12983 Views)


  Background and Aim: Rehospitalization of patients with cardiovascular diseases is relatively high and is considered as a major health problem in spite of treatment advances in this field. Although this topic is studied in some cardiac diseases in other countries, it has not been considered enough in Iran. So, this study aimed to investigate the frequency of rehospitalization and its contributing factors in patient with cardiovascular diseases.

  Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 600 patients were chosen through a convenient sampling. The instruments were demographic and diseases data, stress event and adherence to medical regimen whose validity and reliability were verified. First, admission and readmission cardiac patients of the underlying factors were compared, as well as a direct factor leading to the readmission among patients. The data were analyzed using Fisher exact test, Chi-square and Mann-Whitney.

  Results: The frequency of cardiovascular diseases rehospitalization was 57% and CHF and valvular diseases had highest frequency (p=0.000). Stressful events and non-adherence to diet, drug, and exercise were the major related factors to rehospitalization. The demography and diseases contributing factors were also gender (p=0.043), age (p=0.015), education level (p=0.004), job (p=0.024), residency place (p=0.014), and comorbidity (p=0.010).

  Conclusion : According to the findings, some demographic data and disease characteristics are associated with rehospitalization. Also, stress events as a first and then not adherent to medical regimen have led to cardiac patient rehospitalization. Regarding the high percent of patients who have been hospitalized due to stress events, it seems that stress management strategies should be noticed in cardiac patients.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Basic Medical Science
Received: 2011/07/9 | Published: 2011/07/15

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