Volume 23, Issue 1 (Winter 2017)                   Intern Med Today 2017, 23(1): 77-83 | Back to browse issues page

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Basiri Moghadam M, Khosravan S, Sadeghmoghadam L, Ebrahimi Senoo N. Adolescent Girls' Self-Concept and Its Related Factors Based on Roy Adaptation Model. Intern Med Today 2017; 23 (1) :77-83
URL: http://imtj.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-2560-en.html
1- “Health Promotion & Social Development Research Center” and “Pediatrics Nursing Department, Nursing & Midwifery Faculty”, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
2- “Social Determination of Health Research Center” and “Community & Mental Health Nursing Department, Nursing & Midwifery Faculty”, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
3- ”Student Research Committee” and “Pediatrics Nursing Depart- ment, Nursing & Midwifery Faculty”, Gonabad University of Medical Sci- ences, Gonabad, Iran , ebrahimi.n67@gmail.com
Abstract:   (4886 Views)

Aims: One of the most important factors of individual health in the adolescents is the self-concept. As a nursing model, the Roy adaptation model mainly investigates the factor. The aim of the study was to investigate the self-concept and its related factors in the adolescent girls in Gonabad Township, based on the Roy adaptation model. 

Instrument & Methods: In the descriptive cross-sectional study, 270 adolescent girls were studied in Gonabad Township, Iran, in 2015. The subjects were selected from three health-care centers via stratified cluster random sampling method. Data was collected using a demographic questionnaire and a researcher-made inventory assessing the self-concept in the adolescent girls based on the Roy adaptation model. Data was analyzed by SPSS 22 software using descriptive statistics and Spearman’s correlational and Chi-square tests.

Findings: The mean self-concept score of the adolescent girls was 281.10±19.06. 125 girls (46.6%) and 143 girls (53.4%) were good and moderate, respectively. Age and the constant self-concept (p=0.03; r=-0.13), the economic status and the moral-spiritual self-concept (p=0.02; r=0.15), as well as the constant self-concept (p=0.02; r=0.11), father’s educational level and the constant self-concept (p=0.04; r=0.12), and father’s occupation and the mental self-concept (p=0.04; r=0.13) were significantly correlated. 

Conclusion: The self-concept is moderate in more than a half of the adolescent girls in Gonabad Township. In addition, most of them have weak or moderate objective self.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Mental Health
Received: 2016/07/21 | Accepted: 2016/10/16 | Published: 2016/12/31

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