Volume 14, Issue 4 (vol 1 2009)                   Intern Med Today 2009, 14(4): 69-76 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohebi S, Ramezani A, Matlabi M, Mohammadpour L, Noor N. Sh A, Hosseini E. The survey of oral-dental health of grade 3 students of Gonabad primary schools in 2007. Intern Med Today 2009; 14 (4) :69-76
URL: http://imtj.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-482-en.html
1- , mohebisiamak@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (15543 Views)
Background and Aim: Health fulfillment is based on all effective factors that fulfill it. One of the 11 slogans of 21st century is oral-dental health and it was one of the PHC items before. DMFT is a very simple, fast and reliable index in determining oral-dental health. Grade 3 students of primary school are between deciduous and permanent form dental growth point of view that mixed teeth are observed in this period that make DMFT possible. This study was done to determine oral-dental health status of students with the help of DMFT index in Gonabad city. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-cross sectional study, all grade 3 students of primary schools (529 students) were checked for oral-dental health statues and interviewed by a dentist. The used instruments were a checklist, DMFT index, questionnaire, once used mirror a special catather. Data were analyzed by SPSS with T-test, correlative coefficient and variation analyses were analyzed. Results: 51.2% of the samples were male and 49.8% female. 77.3% used tooth-brush and 8.32% used from dental floss. DMFT of students in research was 3.86±1.11 and DMFT was 1.04±0.22 that showed no meaningful difference in two semis (p=0.18, p=0.12). The students that had no caries free tooth were 8.3%. One sided variation analysis showed a meaningful relationship between brushing frequencies with the index. Family size and education had a meaningful relationship with DMFT. Conclusion: The results showed that oral-dental health statues of grade 3 students of Gonabad primary school follow the country model and it is fairly well and CF has no meaningful difference with national index but it is average in accordance with WHO goal. Programmed efforts for KAP improvement and using need resources, administration evaluation, costs efficacy of some measures such as fluoride therapy, etc seems necessary.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Internal Medicine
Received: 2009/05/10 | Published: 2009/01/15

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