Volume 10, Issue 2 (vol- 2 2004)                   Intern Med Today 2004, 10(2): 43-50 | Back to browse issues page

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Koushyar H, Amouzgar M, Shakeri M. The Epidemiology of burns in Mashhad Imam Reza Burn Center (MIRBC). Intern Med Today 2004; 10 (2) :43-50
URL: http://imtj.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-268-en.html
1- , h-kooshiar@mums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (16234 Views)
Background and Aim: At least two thirds of all deadly accident and damages occur in the developing countries as Iran, among them burns may put unpleased effects on human’s body and spirit. In order to reduce burn rate, preventive programs are of high importance. The goal of this study was to determine the epidemiological characteristics of burns in Immam Reza Burn Center. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive- retrospective study, data were collected from all medical records of MIRBC during three years (2000-2003) and analyzed by SPSS statistical package. Results: 56.6% of the patients were male .The ratio of male to female was one to three and 61% were in urban areas. Mean age of the patients was 22.35 years, and that of alive patients was 20.10 and for dead patients was 28.78 years, and 61.3% were under 5 years, mean burned surface was around (32.68%) at whole, in the dead patients was 64.49% TBSA, and 21.38% in survived ones, in males 28.83% and in females 37.82%. Also, 41.9% of burns was a combination of the second and third degree and the commonest cause of burn was self-inflicted (57.9%), the mean of hospital stay at whole was 19.68 days, in surviving patients was 22.35 days, and in dead patients was 13.44 , the most burns and mortalities occurred in autumn. The overall mortality rate was 25.9% and 11.2% in children, 34.2% in adults .Also mortality rate in women was 35.9% and in male was 18.4%. Conclusion: With regard to these findings, burn causes high rate of mortality, deformity, disability, pain, physical and psychological problems for person and society and their families. Therefore, it is suggested to provide special educational programs via mass media and apply special rules, to decrease the complications of burn and to construct a new emergency unit, to develop the quality and quantity of burn wards to increase the chance of survival.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Internal Medicine
Received: 2008/07/26 | Published: 2004/07/15

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